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Endocrinology and Diabetes

Pediatric Endocrinology Treatments

Pediatric endocrinology treatments focus on a variety of diseases of the endocrine system's glands and hormones, such as diabetes and growth disorders. The endocrine system is in charge of body processes that happen slowly, such as cell growth.

The pediatric endocrinologists within the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology at the Cohen Children’s Medical Center typically provide pediatric endocrinology treatments for the following medical conditions of the endocrine system:

  • Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes
  • Growth problems, including short stature
  • Thyroid problems, including congenital hypothyroidism
  • Delayed or precocious puberty
  • Pituitary problems
  • Adrenal problems, including congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Disorders of sex development


Pediatric Diabetes Mellitus
Pediatric diabetes mellitis is among the most common endocrine disorders, but can be controlled with the proper treatment. Type I or insulin-dependent diabetes is generally diagnosed in children more often than adults and is a chronic condition. This disease is characterized by a lack of insulin, a hormone created in the pancreas that helps control glucose (sugar) levels in the blood stream. Symptoms of pediatric diabetes includes: frequent urination, extreme thirst and weight loss.

Pediatric diabetes mellitus is a serious disease which can become deadly if left untreated or undiagnosed. However, with proper treatment, your child can lead a normal and active life.

Congenital Hypothyroidism
Congenital hypothyroidism is caused by the absence or inadequate production of the thyroid hormone in newborn infants. Symptoms include a puffy-appearing face, a dull look, a thick, protruding tongue, jaundice, poor feeding, lack of muscle tone and sleepiness or sluggishness. All infants born in New York State and throughout the United States are tested shortly after birth with a heel-stick blood test to detect if levels of thyroid hormones are abnormal. Early diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism, followed by the right treatment is important since mental retardation can occur in cases that are left untreated.

Congenital hypothyroidism is readily treated with thyroid tablets, which can be crushed and given to your infant in a small amount of breast milk or formula. This type of treatment will most likely continue for the rest of the child’s lifetime. Most of these children lead normal lives with appropriate medical therapy.

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is another disease for which newborn babies are screened. Some forms of this disorder can be deadly, if not diagnosed and treated promptly. CAH disrupts the normal delicate balance of hormones that controls the body’s response to stress and its ability to maintain fluid and salt balance, as well as normal growth and physical development. Pediatric endocrinology treatments for congenital adrenal hyperplasia include a low dose of oral corticosteroids. Additional salt supplements may be required. Frequent follow-up appointments are necessary to assess hormone levels and check weight, height and blood pressure to ensure proper growth and development.

Make an Appointment with our Pediatric Endocrinology Division:
Cohen’s Children’s Medical Center makes it easy for you to take the first steps in ensuring your child receives world-class pediatric endocrinology care. Simply click the "Request an Appointment" button and set up an appointment with our caring and dedicated pediatric endocrinologists, or call 516-472-3750.

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