What We Treat
Pediatric ENT - Ear, Nose, Throat Treatments
The Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology at Cohen Children’s Medical Center offers medical and surgical pediatric ear, nose and throat treatments for the following otolaryngology and communication disorders:
- Ear, nasal and sinus infections. Young children are more prone to nose, sinus and ear infections. Colds (viral infections) are most often the cause. If your child is still sick after the usual 7-10 day lifespan of a cold, a sinus infection may be the cause. If your child has sinusitis symptoms for at least 12 weeks, the condition may be chronic sinusitis. Our specialists in pediatric ear, nose and throat treatments can properly diagnose and treat your child's condition.
- Tonsil and adenoid disorders. Throat problems range from minor maladies to major ones. Tonsilitis, voice disorders and even hoarseness all interfere with your child's ability to communicate. Many of these conditions can be improved or corrected with the care of our pediatric physicians and surgeons who specialize in pediatric ear, nose and throat treatment.
- Sleep Apnea. Accordingly to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, approximately 10% of children snore, and 10% of these children have pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea prevents your child from having a restful night's sleep and usually causes mood, behavior, and academic performance problems if left untreated. If you suspect that your child has sleep apnea, consult our pediatric ENT specialists who can accurately diagnose and successfully treat your child.
Our specialists in pediatric ear, nose and throat treatment also diagnose and treat these otolaryngology and communication disorders:
- Airway disorders are problems with air passages that affect breathing such as swallowing difficulties or blockages of the larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe) or throat.
- Cochlear implants in children is a surgical procedure designed to improve profound hearing loss by implanting a device that bypasses damaged sensory cells in the inner ear (cochlea)
- Congenital hearing loss is hearing loss that is present at birth and may affect one or both ears in a mild or profound way.
- Laryngeal papillomas are viral-induced growths that occur most commonly on the vocal cords and surrounding structures in children younger than 10 years of age.
- Neck masses are growths (usually benign) in the head and neck region of children that can result from infection, inflammation, fluid collections, swellings or tumors.
- Voice disorders in children are characterized by children with voices that are harsh or hoarse, too high or too low, or too loud or too nasal.
- Swallowing disorders in children involve the inability to move food from the mouth to the stomach and may cause weight loss, aspiration pneumonia, dehydration or airway obstruction.
We also have two multidisciplinary centers which provide comprehensive pediatric ear, nose and throat treatments for children with complex otolaryngology problems:
Apelian Cochlear Implant Center
The Apelian Cochlear Implant Center addresses the needs of children with profound hearing loss. A cochlear implant is a surgically implanted device designed to bypass damaged sensory cells in the inner ear (cochlea) and provide sound to profoundly deaf children who do not benefit from hearing aid use. Profoundly hearing impaired children may be implanted as young as 12 months of age if audiological and medical criteria for implantation are met. Most children are able to hear conversation without lip reading and use spoken language for everyday communication.
Our center provides a comprehensive range of services through a team approach of ENT’s who specialize in pediatric ear, nose and throat treatments. ENT surgeons, audiologists, speech pathologists, educators, social workers and consultants all meet to discuss each child's specific needs and formulate recommendations for implantation and post-operative support. Our deaf educator performs school outreach to help parents identify an appropriate learning environment for their children, and teachers optimize a child's cochlear implant performance in the classroom. Since support of the implant recipient is critical to successful use, parents and teachers are considered to be part of our team and are involved throughout process: from evaluation, to implant, to rehabilitation.
Comprehensive Airway Respiratory and Esophageal (CARE) Team
Children with airway and upper digestive disorders have unique diagnostic and management challenges. To address these needs, we developed a family-centered multidisciplinary program for treating patients with complex problems related to the airway and upper digestive systems. Our program brings pediatric specialists from Gastroenterology, Otolaryngology (ENT), Pulmonology, Neurology and Critical Care together to collaborate in the care of children with challenging problems related to the respiratory and upper digestive systems. We provide expertise in caring for children with tracheostomy tubes and offer an array of surgical options, including airway reconstruction, for children with complex airway stenosis. Our team meets monthly to present and discuss each patient. All children benefit from the coordination of care.
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