A Dislocated Shoulder is the most frequently occurring dislocation to any joint in the body. It is a painful injury that happens when a fall or accident causes the top your upper arm bone (humerus) to pop out of your shoulder joint’s cup-shaped socket (glenoid – part of your shoulder blade), also known as a glenohumeral dislocation. A direct fall onto the shoulder may also cause a dislocation of the collar bone (clavicle) away from the shoulder blade (acromion) that causes discomfort at the acromioclavicular (AC) joint. The injury that causes dislocation of the shoulder may also stretch or tear the tendons and ligaments (fibrous tissues) that normally hold your shoulder in place. Nerves or blood vessels around the joint may also be affected. Broken bones, such as the top of the humerus, may be an additional complication. Symptoms of a dislocated shoulder range from intense pain and limited movement to a visibly deformed or out-of-place shoulder.
Types of Dislocated Shoulder
There are many types of dislocated shoulder:
Dislocated Shoulder Symptoms
Pain in the upper arm and shoulder that worsens during movement is the most common symptom of a dislocated shoulder. You may also experience these symptoms
Dislocated Shoulder Causes
Men experience more shoulder dislocations than women, and people in their teens and 20s experience a higher level because of their involvement in contacts sports and activities that may involve falls, such as:
Among older adults (especially people over 50), the most common causes of dislocated shoulder are:
The multidisciplinary team of orthopaedic experts at North Shore-LIJ Orthopaedic Institute's Shoulder and Elbow Services in New York treats Shoulder Dislocations as well as a broad range of shoulder and elbow conditions that can occur at any stage of life.
Dislocated Shoulder Treatments depend on the nature of the injury as well as the age of the patient and typically include nonsurgical treatments such as manually moving the arm bone back into the shoulder socket (reduction), temporary immobilization, therapy and medications. If those approaches no longer relieve the pain, or there is another injury to the shoulder (such as a rotator cuff tear, labral tear), or if you have repeat episodes of shoulder dislocation, surgery may be recommended. Full recovery time can take approximately 12-16 weeks if surgery is warranted.