Hypothalamic Hamartoma Center
Hypothlamic Hamartoma Center
These rare birth defects are found in only one in every million births. They lead to seizures and seldom respond to medication. Although benign, the tumors cause severe hormonal difficulties, early puberty, progressive deterioration of behavior and intelligence and short-term memory loss that may deteriorate over time. On diagnostic scans, hypothalamic hamartomas appear to be small, benign tumors.
Classic symptoms of hypothalamic hamartoma include:
- Gelastic seizures or laughing epilepsy, a disorder characterized by spells of involuntary laughter
- Hormone disorders, including precocious (early) puberty
- Behavioral issues, including increased aggression and irritability
- Cognitive dysfunction, including poor short-term memory that may deteriorate over time
Learn more about Hypothalamic Hamartoma Symptoms.
Diagnosing hypothalamic hamartomas can be a daunting task since symptoms, particularly in infants, can mimic generalized seizure disorders or other conditions such as colic or reflux. Unless the hamartoma is very large, the commonly used CT scan may miss the lesion. High-resolution MRI scans are required to accurately diagnose this condition. The diagnosis of hypothalamic hamartoma must be made using a combination of factors including:
- Thorough review of neurological symptoms
- Expert review of diagnostic tests
It is recommended that diagnosis be conducted by a professional experienced with hypothalamic hamartoma patients.
Treatment for hypothalamic hamartoma includes:
- Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) to control seizures
- Hormonal maintenance to manage hormonal disturbances
- Surgical management and/or resection of the hamartomas
Learn more about Hypothalamic Hamartoma Treatments.
Make an appointment at our Hypothalamic Hamartoma Center
Cushing Neuroscience Institute’s Hypothalamic Hamartoma Center makes it easy for you to take the first steps in ensuring the best neurological care for yourself and your family. Simply email us at firstname.lastname@example.org, call us at (516) 570-4400 or fill out our Request an Appointment form.