Nerve Disorders Center
Peripheral Nerve Disorders
Peripheral nerve disorders consist of more than 100 conditions that affect the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord. Peripheral nerve disorders distort or interrupt the messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Symptoms of nerve disorders, such as numbness, pain, burning or tingling, muscle weakness and sensitivity to touch, often start gradually and then worsen. Peripheral nerve disorders range in severity from Bell's palsy, a form of temporary facial paralysis, to ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease), a rapidly progressive disease that attacks the nerve cells (neurons) responsible for controlling the body's voluntary muscles.
The Nerve Disorders Center at North Shore-LIJ Health System's renowned Cushing Neuroscience Institute is comprised of a multidisciplinary team of peripheral nerve disorders clinicians including physicians, nurse practitioners, psychological care providers and rehabilitation professionals. As needed, we bring in other specialists such as ear, nose and throat physicians to help evaluate treatment for neurological speech disorders. Diagnostic evaluations include skilled clinical assessments, supplemented by neurophysiologic testing, appropriate blood tests and, occasionally, nerve or muscle biopsies or spinal taps.
Our team works closely with both patients and their families to develop a comprehensive care plan to optimize treatment results. Our experienced professionals take both the physical and emotional aspects of peripheral nerve disorders into consideration so that patients can receive the most effective care.
The Nerve Disorders Center diagnoses and treats a wide range of neurological diseases such as:
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrig's Disease – a rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells (neurons) responsible for controlling voluntary muscles throughout the body
- Brachial neuritis – affects the lower motor neurons and/or certain nerves located in the shoulder area (brachial plexus), causing nerve pain in the shoulder that may be followed by paralysis within the shoulder muscles.
- Brachial plexus injury – an injury to the network of nerves that sends signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm and hand that occurs when the nerves are stretched or torn
- Carpal tunnel syndrome – a typically painful and progressive condition caused by compression of the median nerve in the forearm into the hand, often a result of repetitive motions over time
- Myasthenia gravis – a chronic, autoimmune, neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal (voluntary) muscles of the body
- Peripheral neuropathy – peripheral nerve damage in various parts of the body characterized by temporary numbness, tingling, and prickling sensations, sensitivity to touch, pain or muscle weakness
- Myopathy – a muscular disease that results in muscle weakness, cramps, stiffness and spasms
- Shingles – an outbreak of a painful rash or blisters on the skin in one particular location on one side of the body, caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox
In addition to peripheral nerve damage and diseases, the Nerve Disorders Center treats painful muscle disorders and radiculopathy (pinched nerve usually caused by a herniated disc in the spine).
Working at the Frontier of Nerve Disorders and Neurological Disease Breakthroughs
The Nerve Disorders Center uses state-of-the-art diagnostic tools such as EMG, single-fiber EMG, quantitative sensory testing and autonomic testing to assess patients with complex peripheral nervous system disorders. Many of our expert clinicians work in close collaboration with the dedicated professionals at The Neuropathy Association and the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America. We extend these organizations' support, education and patient advocacy services to our patients. Regularly scheduled patient support meetings of the Neuropathy Support Group of Long Island held at North Shore-LIJ.
To make an appointment at the Nerve Disorders Center:
Cushing Neuroscience Institute’s Nerve Disorders Center makes it easy for you to take the first steps in ensuring the best neurological and neurosurgical care for yourself or your family. Simply fill out our Request an Appointment form, email us at email@example.com, or call us at (516) 325-7000.