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Neuro-Ophthalmic, Optic Nerve Disease

Neuro-Ophthalmic, Optic Nerve, Symptoms and Causes

Neuro-Ophthalmic Disease Definition:

Neuro-ophthalmic diseases are any conditions involving the relationship between the eye and the brain. These conditions, which include disorders of the optic nerve, orbit, and brain, are associated with visual symptoms.

Neuro-ophthalmic Disease Symptoms:

Symptoms that are more common in neuro-ophthalmic diseases include:

  • Eye pain
  • Sudden or transient visual loss
  • Visual disturbance
  • Unequal pupils
  • Eyelid and facial spasms
  • Droopy eyelid
  • Double vision (diplopia)
  • Involuntary eye movements (nystagmus)

Neuro-Ophthalmic Disease Causes:

The causes of neuro-ophthalmic diseases vary based on the individual disease. They can be caused by traumatic brain injuries and strokes and are often associated with brain tumors, multiple sclerosis, optic nerve disease and other conditions of the central nervous system.

Common neuro-ophthalmic diseases include:

  • Optic neuritis. An optic nerve disease caused by the inflammation of the optic nerve
  • Ocular myasthenia gravis. An autoimmune disease that causes eye muscle weakness
  • Papilledema. An optic nerve disease caused by swelling of the optic nerve due to intracranial pressure

Other neuro-ophthalmic diseases include:

  • Optic neuropathy. An optic nerve disease caused by damage to the optic nerve
  • Blepharospasm. Uncontrollable, abnormal muscle twitching of the eyelid
  • Thyroid eye disease
  • Paraneoplastic syndromes. Symptoms caused by the occurrence of cancer, but not as the result of localized cancer cells
  • Cranial nerve palsies