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Scoliosis Symptoms and Causes

Scoliosis is a type of spinal deformity that shows evidence of a lateral or side-to-side curvature, with the spine shaped like an "S" or "C" and a rotation of the back bones (vertebrae), giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side. Scoliosis should not be confused with poor posture. The most common symptoms of scoliosis include a difference in shoulder height, hip height or position and shoulder blade height or position. In more than 80 percent of cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown – a condition called idiopathic scoliosis. In other cases, scoliosis may develop as a result of degeneration of the spinal disks, as seen with osteoporosis, or as a hereditary condition that tends to run in families.