Plastic Surgery for Wounds
Plastic surgery for wounds includes skin grafts, microsurgery, flap procedures and tissue expansion.
- Skin grafts: Skin grafts involve removing skin from one area of the body and transplanting it to another. There are two types of skin graft: split-thickness grafts in which just a few layers of deep skin are transplanted, and full-thickness grafts, which involve all of the dermis.
- Microsurgery: With microsurgery, the surgeon uses a microscope for surgical assistance in reconstructive procedures so they can sew tiny blood vessels or nerves to repair damaged nerves and arteries.
- Free flap procedure: This procedure may be used for breast reconstruction or following surgery to remove head or neck cancer. Muscle, skin, and/or bone are transferred, along with the original blood supply, from one area of the body to the surgical site to reconstruct the area.
- Tissue expansion: Tissue expansion enables the body to "grow" extra skin for use in reconstructive procedures. A device known as a balloon expander is inserted under the skin near the area in need of repair. Over time, it is filled with saline solution, causing the skin to stretch. Once enough extra skin has been stretched, it is then used to correct or reconstruct a damaged body part.