Vaginal Cancer

Vaginal cancer is rare, but the North Shore-LIJ Women's Health gynecologic oncologists are experienced in providing comprehensive treatment for this type of cancer.

Vaginal cancer, or precursors to it are diagnosed after an abnormal pap test. However, please see your doctor if these symptoms occur:

  • Irregular bleeding
  • Vaginal lump
  • Pelvic pain

There are two main types of vaginal cancer:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma - This is the most common type of vaginal cancer. It forms in the cells lining the vagina and can sometimes spread to the lungs or liver. It is most often found in women aged 60 or older.
  • Adenocarcinoma - This cancer begins in the glandular cells, which are mucus-secreting cells found in the lining of the vagina. This type of cancer is more likely than squamous cell cancer to spread , and it typically is found in younger women.

Early vaginal cancer can often be cured using surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy. North Shore-LIJ Women’s Health gynecologic oncologists are experts at surgical treatments for vaginal cancer, and provide coordinated treatment options with our radiation oncologists and medical oncologists (chemotherapy).