Birth Defects & Congenital Anomalies of the Reproductive Tract

When a fetus is forming in her mother’s womb, several anomalies can occur that affect the development and function of the vagina, including:

  • Transverse vaginal septum – a wall of tissue that blocks the vagina
  • Vertical or complete vaginal septum – a wall of tissue that creates two vaginas
  • Vaginal agenesis – absence of the vagina
  • Mullerian agenesis or MRKH (Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser syndrome) – absence of the vagina or uterus
  • Agenesis of the lower vagina – absence of the lower vagina
  • Obstructed hemi-vagina with ipsilateral renal agenesis (OVIRA) – absence of the cervix

While some of these conditions may be obvious from birth, others may not be detected until late adolescence, once the absence of menstruation is noted or sexual activity begins. Surgery may be needed to repair or reconstruct tissue in order for a woman to have normal sexual function. Whether these conditions are treated by our Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology or adult gynecology specialists, patients can expect comprehensive care with the latest advances in surgical repair.

To choose a North Shore-LIJ Women's Health gynecologist or schedule your appointment, visit Our Physicians or Make an Appointment