Pelvic Organ Prolapse
The muscle band of the pelvic floor extends like a sling across the bottom opening of the pelvis. The pelvic floor faces extra stress during pregnancy and birth, after pelvic surgery, during radiation, or if a woman is overweight or obese.
This extra stress can cause the muscle band to weaken. This weakening of the muscles lets the uterus, bladder or top of the vagina fall through the vaginal opening. Types of prolapse include:
- Bladder prolapse (cystocele)
- Rectal prolapse (rectocele)
- Uterine prolapse
- Vaginal prolapse
- Herniated small bowel (enterocele)
When organs prolapse, women may suffer pelvic pain and incontinence. Treatment for incontinence may include pelvic floor exercises and/or retraining yourself to use the bathroom on a schedule. Many women begin successful treatment at the very first doctor visit.