Flexor Tendon Injury is an injury to the tendons, elastic cord-like structures that connect the muscles to the bones in your fingers. Flexor muscles allow your fingers to bend and flex. They originate at the elbow and forearm and then turn into tendons just past the middle of your forearm, and then attach to your fingers. You have two flexor tendons for each finger, including your thumbs. The main cause of a flexor tendon injury is any deep cut in the wrist, fingers or hands that can injure the flexor tendons as well as damage blood vessels and nerves. Sometimes what appears at first like a simple cut could, in fact, be more serious, causing damage that requires expert orthopaedic care. Symptoms of flexor tendon injury range from pain and swelling to finger joints that won't flex or bend.
Flexor Tendon Injury Types
The two types of Flexor Tendon Injury are:
Flexor Tendon Injury Symptoms
You may experience one or more of the following common symptoms of Flexor Tendon Injury:
Flexor Tendon Injury Causes
In addition to deep cuts, The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) reports that, in addition to deep cuts, other causes of flexor tendon injuries include:
Treatments for flexor tendon injury depend upon the severity of the injury. Severed tendons cannot heal without surgery. In addition, certain types of cuts need specific types of repair. Additionally, nearby nerves and blood vessels may also be injured. Your orthopaedist usually prescribes a protective splint after surgery and hand rehabilitation therapy. In some cases you may be able to return to work after one week. Full recovery time can take 10 to 12 weeks.
The multidisciplinary team of orthopaedic experts at North Shore-LIJ Orthopaedic Institute's Shoulder and Elbow Services in New York treat flexor tendon injury as well as a broad range of shoulder and elbow conditions that can occur at any stage of life.