The treatment and surgery that is best for your patella stabilization is based on a number of factors, including your age, current health and health history, and your history with other medications and treatments. Patella stabilization is the process of solidifying the kneecap into place so that it is not at risk of displacement.
Patella Stabilization Diagnosis
Patella stabilization is vital to ensuring the knee joint continues to function properly and leaves you mobile and pain free. If you are in any way concerned that your knee is not stable, it is important to talk to your doctor. To diagnose your condition, your doctor will start by asking a series of questions about your activity and symptoms, as well as perform a physical exam. To determine the appropriate treatment, the following techniques will be used:
Nonsurgical Treatment for Patella Stabilization
In many cases, patella stabilization is done using a brace. This is usually combined with significantly lowered activity levels and anti-inflammation pain medication to reduce swelling and symptoms. Many people, especially athletes, continue to train in the pool and do physical therapy with a trained professional to increase mobility, even while the joint remains immobile.
Surgery for Patella Stabilization
In some cases, patella stabilization may be more serious and require surgical treatment. The aim of any patella stabilization procedure is to properly attach the ligaments to the kneecap and keep them from moving around during activity. The majority of patella stabilization procedures are done using one of the following technique:
Patella Stabilization Procedure Research
A significant portion of the research surrounding patella stabilization procedures has to do with the proper treatment of various conditions. The most common condition that requires one of these procedures is typically caused in younger people during sporting activities and involves the kneecap slipping from its socket, or groove, in the thighbone.
One of the most disputed issues surrounding treatment is whether surgery is required or if the patella can be treated using braces and physical therapy instead. While it is a good idea to avoid surgery if at all possible, surgical intervention can lead to fewer dislocations in the long-term, which can have more benefits than attempting to brace the injury.
In a recent study done by Cochrane Summaries, a health research institute, researchers followed a series of primary dislocation cases. In the vast majority of the cases, there was no difference in recovery and all patients seemed to have similar effects over the following years. However, in one of the study groups, complications were found in the surgical test group. While this has not solidified that non-surgical approaches are best, it does give more insight into what doctors should attempt in primary cases.
As research on treatment is ongoing, it is a good idea for your conversation about it with your doctor to be ongoing as well.
The Rehabilitation Network of the North Shore-LIJ Health System is dedicated to providing you and your family with result-oriented, comprehensive rehabilitation services. Our goal is to help you and your loved ones find relief from pain and get moving again after an accident, illness, injury or surgery. We’re your partner in a safe, healthy, more rapid recovery.
The multidisciplinary team of orthopaedic experts at North Shore-LIJ Orthopaedic Institute's Trauma Services in New York performs Patella stabilization surgery as well as a broad range of nonsurgical and surgical treatments for conditions that affect the bones.