There are over forty muscles below the elbow. Each muscle has its own specific function. For example, there are nine different muscles that control the thumb. Each muscle has its own origin and tapers down from its muscle belly into a tendon. Each tendon, a strong cord, is attached to a specific place on a bone. When the muscle contracts it causes motion by moving the tendon and the bone. A tendon crossing a joint transmits muscle movement into joint movement. When the muscle is injured or paralyzed and no longer functions, tendon transfer surgery is most likely needed.
Tendon Transfer Surgery
Tendon Transfer Surgery is a procedure performed to restore motor skills and function in the hand. The hand surgeon replaces or connects a diseased or inactive tendon with a healthy tendon. During tendon transfer surgery, the origin of the muscle and its own nerve and blood supply are all left in place. The tendon is detached from its bone and re-sewn onto a different area. It can either be sewn onto a different bone or onto a different tendon which need motor function. When the muscle contracts, a new action will be produced, depending on where the tendon has been inserted. Tendon transfer surgery can restore many lost functions of the hand. After the surgery, the patient should regain the ability to straighten and bend the elbow and wrist, and the ability to grip with the fingers and hand.
The multidisciplinary team of orthopaedic experts at North Shore-LIJ Orthopaedic Institute's Hand & Wrist Services in New York can perform tendon transfer surgery as well as a broad range of surgeries for conditions that affect the hands and wrists.
The Rehabilitation Network of the North Shore-LIJ Health System is dedicated to providing you and your family with result-oriented, comprehensive rehabilitation services. Our goal is to help you and your loved ones find relief from pain and get moving again after an accident, illness, injury or surgery. We’re your partner in a safe, healthy, more rapid recovery.