Trigger finger release surgery corrects certain cases of trigger finger, a condition that causes your fingers or thumbs to snap or pop when they are extended or bent. Trigger finger can occur when the tendons that control your fingers and thumbs are swollen and inflamed. When tendons are inflamed or swollen, they can't move easily within their protective tendon sheath. Cramped for room, the tendon snaps or pops as it pushes through tight band in the sheath, called a pulley, and causes pain where the fingers and thumb meet the palm of the hand. In severe cases, the finger or thumb becomes stuck, or locked, and unable to move back into position.
Trigger finger release surgery widens the opening of the tight tendon sheaths, by dividing the small band, called a pulley, to give the tendons enough space to move and properly control the digits of the hand. If you have a severe case of trigger finger or if nonsurgical treatments have not been effective, your doctor may recommend surgery to relieve your pain and restore normal movements to your fingers or thumbs. Your doctor can diagnose your problem without x-rays by simply examining your hand and speaking with you about your symptoms.
Nonsurgical Treatments for Trigger Finger
Before committing to trigger finger release surgery, your doctor will most likely recommend other trigger finger treatments or exercises in order to relieve swelling, pressure or pain. Treatments can include:
What to Expect After Trigger Finger Release Surgery
The length of your recovery time depends on the severity of your condition as well as the prescribed post-operative treatment. Exercising your fingers to regain range of motion is very important. If you have difficulty getting good movement back, then your doctor may prescribe hand therapy. Even if you have difficulty in the beginning after an operation, most patients recover from trigger finger release in two weeks by resting, doing presecribed hand therapy, limiting overuse of the affected hand and using anti-inflammatory medications.