A Vertebral Compression Fracture happens when the small bones (vertebrae) of the spine are compressed together to a smaller height. The leading cause of this type of fracture is osteoporosis, a degenerative bone disease that thins and weakens bone tissue as people age. Osteoporosis makes bones brittle and more vulnerable to fractures. As osteoporosis worsens, a vertebral compression fracture can happen even during normal daily activities.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) reports that a vertebral compression fracture, or spinal fracture, occurs in nearly 700,000 people every year. Surprisingly, this type of fracture is nearly twice as common as other fractures linked to osteoporosis such as broken hips and wrists.
Vertebral Compression Fracture Symptoms
You may experience one or more of the following symptoms of a vertebral compression fracture:
Vertebral Compression Fracture Causes
The multidisciplinary team of orthopaedic experts at North Shore-LIJ Orthopaedic Institute's Spine Services in New York treats Vertebral Compression Fractures as well as a broad range of spine conditions that can occur at any stage of life.
Vertebral Compression Fracture Treatment
There are various surgical and nonsurgical treatments for vertebral compression fracture. You may only need to wear a protective back brace in order for the fracture to heal. If nonsurgical approaches fail to provide relief, you may need a surgical procedure such as minimally invasive kyphoplasty surgery or spinal fusion surgery.