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Rheumatology

Rheumatic Disease Treatment

Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York is the site of the internationally known Pediatric Rheumatology Division. We diagnosis and treat a wide array of rheumatologic diseases.

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common type of arthritis that affects children. It used to be known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, but the name was recently changed to reflect the differences between childhood arthritis and adult forms of rheumatoid arthritis.

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
is a chronic and long-lasting disease that can affect joints in any part of the body. In this disease, the immune system mistakenly targets the synovium, the tissue that lines the inside of the joint. The synovium responds by making excess fluid (synovial fluid), which leads to swelling, pain and stiffness.

Systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE is an autoimmune disease characterized by acute and chronic inflammation of various tissues of the body. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses that occur when the body's tissues are attacked by its own immune system. 

Lyme arthritis is associated with Lyme disease and is caused by a bacterium transmitted by tick bites. While the skin, central nervous system, heart, eye and other organs may be the target of infection, in most cases of Lyme arthritis, joints are the exclusive target.

Dermatomyositis is a disease characterized by inflammation of muscles and the skin. It is a type of inflammatory myopathy. Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, muscle weakness, stiffness, or soreness, purple or violet colored upper eyelids, purple-red skin rash and shortness of breath. The muscle weakness may appear suddenly or develop slowly over weeks or months.

Systemic vasculitis is a heterogeneous group of disorders that are characterized by inflammatory destruction of blood vessels. Both arteries and veins are affected.

Henoch-Schonlein purpura or HSP is a form of systemic blood vessel inflammation or vasculitis. HSP affects the small vessels called capillaries in the skin and frequently the kidneys. Henoch-Schonlein Purpura results in skin rashes on the legs and buttocks, but may also be seen on the arms, face and trunk. Henoch-Schonlein Purpura is also associated with joint inflammation and cramping pain in the abdomen.

Fibromyalgia formally known as fibrositis is a chronic condition causing pain, stiffness, and tenderness within the muscles, tendons, and joints. Fibromyalgia can also be characterized by restless sleep, waking up feeling tired, fatigue, anxiety, depression, and possibly some disturbances in bowel function.

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